What is Endometriosis
Endometriosis is an often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus grows outside of your uterus. Endometriosis can cause pain — sometimes severe — especially during your period. Fertility problems also may develop. Fortunately, effective treatments are available.
Symptoms of Endometriosis
- Painful periods (dysmenorrhea)
- Pain with intercourse
- Pain with Bowel movements or urination
- Excessive Bleeding
- You may also experience fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, bloating or nausea, especially during menstrual periods.
The exact cause of endometriosis is not known but some possible explanations are:
- Retrograde Menstruation– In retrograde menstruation, menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity instead of out of the body. These displaced endometrial cells stick to the pelvic walls and surfaces of pelvic organs, where they grow and continue to thicken and bleed over the course of each menstrual cycle.
- Embryonic cell growth.The cells lining the abdominal and pelvic cavities come from embryonic cells. When one or more small areas of the abdominal lining turn into endometrial tissue, endometriosis can develop.
- Surgical scar implantation.After a surgery, such as a hysterectomy or C-section, endometrial cells may attach to a surgical incision.
- Endometrial cells transport.The blood vessels or tissue fluid (lymphatic) system may transport endometrial cells to other parts of the body.
- Immune system disorder.It’s possible that a problem with the immune system may make the body unable to recognize and destroy endometrial tissue that’s growing outside the uterus.
Dr. De Leon will work with you one on one to make sure that you understand the options available to you for the treatment of endometriosis. Treatment for endometriosis is usually with medications or surgery. The approach you and Dr. De Leon choose will depend on the severity of your signs and symptoms and whether you hope to become pregnant.
You can find more information regarding Endometriosis here, Mayo Clinic.